By Dr. Pravin Kumar Singh, Ophthalmology
Eye is one of the most important organ of the body. It is the precious organ that people should always be careful about. Eyes are also sensitive and many dangerous diseases often attack and damage eyes if not checked on time.
Especially, in the case of preschoolers, they don’t understand the problem in the early stages and if they are not diagnosed in the early stages, it might become a serious issue. This is why regular eye check up is necessary for preschoolers.
Signs and Symptoms:
The signs and symptoms that show that the child needs an eye check up are:
- If the kid is titling, squinting, or rubbing his head while focusing on the object.
- If the child insists on sitting on the front bench in the class and is not comfortable sitting on a back bench.
- If he/she is not able to copy the lessons from the blackboard.
- If the kid is less active in extra activities like colouring, writing, etc.
- If he/she finds it difficult to coordinate with hand movements.
Prepare a Child for Eye Check Up:
Children are sensitive and curious about things. They often get confused and reactive towards new things and processes. Although, if the child is able to understand enough, parents should teach him/her about the eye check up process. They should prepare their children to face the doctor and be able to answer his questions. They should also tell the children that the doctor will ask them to identify objects, letters, pictures, etc. Parents should always explain to their children that doctor may put some eye drops which will sting for a second but won’t hurt their eyes.
After comforting the child with an eye check up process, doctors will perform a certain eye tests, which are listed below:
For children of age 1 year and older, doctors perform:
- Nearsightedness: In this type of test, doctors check whether the child is able to see far away objects clearly or not.
- Farsightedness: This test will show that the child is capable of seeing close up objects clearly.
- Astigmatism: This test is performed when the eye is not in its normal shape and doctors check that the child is able to see objects clearly to some degree or not.
- Amblyopia: Doctors perform this test to see if one eye is weaker than the other which may result in one of the premature eyes.
Apart from these tests, doctors also check:
- Movement of the eyes.
- How eyes react to changes in the dark and light
- The eyes are lined up right.
For children between the age of 3 to 5 years, doctors perform:
- Physical eye examination
- Vision screening test using eye charts like identifying letters, objects, pictures, etc.
- Tumbling E game
- Random E’s Visual Acuity Test
- LEA Symbols
- Binocular Vision
- Random Dot Stereopsis
Importance of Eye Examinations:
Eye examination is very important for a child to treat disease at its early stage with effective treatments. Some of the main reasons why the child needs eye check-ups are:
- To see if the kid has proper concentration and focus.
- To check that the child has a good vision.
- To check the proper health of the eye and its functionalities.
- To check that the child has proper and comfortable eye teaming skills.
- To check the proper movement and growth of the eye.
Eye examination and eye checkups are very important for preschoolers. However, it is always advisable to consult an eye specialist for examination and treatment. Proper diet and some eye exercises will definitely help the child to cure eye problems, if any exists.