By Dr. Pranab Kumar Chowdhury, Internal Medicine
It is not only children who need vaccination. Adults also require vaccines, at least once a year or whenever there is a health risk. You need to know which diseases you are vaccinated against and which, you are not so that it becomes easier to take care of your health. Here are some of the important vaccines that are given to adults:
1. The Flu Vaccine:
It is given irrespective of age group and is for all adults. The peak time of the flu season is usually in January and February, so you should get the vaccine before it.
2. The Tetanus, Diphtheria and Whooping Cough (Tdap) Vaccine:
It is for all adults, and once got, another Td booster should be taken every decade. It is worth noting that pregnant women should also get the Tdap vaccine within 27-36 weeks of pregnancy.
3. The HPV Vaccine:
It is for women up till 26 years of age and men not more than 21 years of age. Over the range of a few months, not more than three shots will be given for this vaccine.
4. The Pneumonia Vaccine:
This vaccine is usually for adults over 65 years of age. People below that age are also given the vaccine if they are heavy smokers or have serious physiological conditions like asthma or heart disease.
5. The Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Vaccine:
This is usually for adults who had not been vaccinated when they were children. This is a one-time vaccine for a major part of the adult population. Only, people who travel to foreign nations may need two doses.