By Dr. Lekhraj Patidar, Orthopaedics
The hip joint is an important joint of the body that is used to withstand continuous motion, stretching and wear and tear. There is a cushion of cartilage in the hip joint which prevents friction of the bone ends. The wear and tear of the cartilage occur primarily due to aging or overuse.
Despite its durability, the hip joint isn’t indestructible. With age and use, the cartilage can wear down or become damaged. Muscles and tendons in the hip can get overused. The hip bone itself can be fractured during a fall or other injury. Any of these conditions can lead to hip pain.
The various causes of hip pain are:
- Arthritis: Arthritis is a disorder that causes wear and tear of the cartilage and inflammation of either one or more joints of the body.
- Hip Injuries: Dislocation, broken femur and acetabulum are some injury related problems of the hip that might lead to severe hip pain.
- Cancer: Bone cancer and leukemia are cancer-related disorders that can lead to hip pain.
- Pinched Nerves: ‘Pinched nerves’ in the hips is a condition wherein the nerves of the hips get compressed.
- AVN avascular necrosis of femoral head: Dislocation or fracture of the thigh bone (femur). This type of injury can affect the blood supply to the bone, leading to trauma-related avascular necrosis. AVN may develop in 20% or more of people who dislocate a hip.
The symptoms of hip pain are:
You may experience pain and discomfort in the muscles of the thighs Intermittent pain in the hip joint and limp during walking.
- The treatment for hip pain involves diagnosing the underlying cause and then prescribing treatment accordingly.
- The pain can be temporarily controlled by administering NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
- Physiotherapy is an essential component for improving mobility and strength.
- Total hip replacement is a wonderful treatment for severe arthritis of hip.
Get medical help right away if:
The hip pain came on suddenly. A fall or other injury triggered the hip pain. Your joint looks deformed or is bleeding. You heard a popping noise in the joint when you injured it. The pain is intense. You can’t put any weight on your hip. You can’t move your leg or hip.