By Dr. Pravin Narkhede, Vascular Surgery
The Vascular System is one of the most advanced, diverse and widespread systems of the body. Arteries, capillaries, and veins make up this system together and are responsible for transporting blood from all parts of the body to the heart and then the blood is transported back to all the parts again. When the vascular system of our body is affected because of a disease or blockage, doctors use medicines to deal with it. However, sometimes these diseases and blockages are too advanced for the doctor to treat with just medicine. That is where Vascular Surgery comes into the scene. In this article, we will talk about some of the common complications that occur in our vascular system and the surgeries that are used to deal with it.
Carotid Artery Surgery
• Carotid Artery is an important artery in our body which is responsible for supplying blood to the brain.
• This artery lies in the neck region.
• The artery is usually blocked when the body develops high cholesterol levels, and these cholesterols is deposited on the inner wall of the artery causing blockages and interrupted blood flow.
• Diseases like Atherosclerosis also narrow the arterial wall of the carotid artery.
• Vascular Surgery like Angioplasty and Endarterectomy are used to remove cholesterol deposits from Carotid Artery and widen the artery. Angioplasty This procedure is done by inserting a catheter inside the blood vessel. This catheter can be filled with air and then it acts like a balloon which helps to widen the vessels, allowing blood to flow despite the block.
Endarterectomy This procedure is done by making a minute incision on the arterial wall and then scooping the plaque (toxic deposition) from the artery. Taking out the plaque restores normal blood flow in the arteries.
Aortic Aneurysm Repair
• Aorta is one of the most important and also the largest arteries of the body, it lies in the Thoracic (chest) region.
• Sometimes the Aorta gets weak and the walls start ballooning up and stretches. This causes too much blood flow in the hurt and this can cause severe internal bleeding.
• To repair the aorta, Open Heart Surgery is performed.
• In this surgery, the surgeon replaces the weaker sections of the Aorta with a tube called Graft, this graft is strong and maintains a steady blood flow.
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
• In this disease, a deposition of toxic materials like calcium, cholesterol and fat blocks the blood flow in the arteries.
• This disease generally occurs in the leg.
• Surgical procedures like Angioplasty, Atherectomy, and Bypass Surgery are performed.
• Bypass Surgery is a procedure of building a new artery over a blocked artery, allowing the blood to change its route. These are some of the most common vascular diseases that may require vascular surgery. However, it is always recommended to consult experienced and skilled surgeons before going for the surgery. Proper medication and a balanced diet help maintain a healthy life.