By Dr. Bhagwati Prasad Gupta, Sexology
Sexually transmitted diseases are infections that are propagated by sexual activity; oral, anal and vaginal sex. Gonorrhoea is one such STD that affects parts of the body that are generally moist and warm. This includes the eyes, throat, anus, vagina and urethra. The disease is known to be caused by a bacterium known as ‘Neisseria Gonorrhoeae’. This disease is transmitted by unprotected anal, vaginal or oral sex. Thus, the main risk factors are unprotected sex as well as multiple sexual partners. It might also be passed on from the mother to the child in the embryonic stage itself.
The symptoms of gonorrhoea differ among men and women-
The symptoms in men include:
- Pain during urination.
- Swollen testicles.
- Discharge of pus from the tip of the penis.
The symptoms in women include:
- Excessive discharge from the vagina.
- Abdominal cramps.
- Pain in the pelvic region.
- Bleeding from the vagina after sex.
Apart from the genitals, other areas of the body such as the eyes, throat and the joints can also be affected.
The primary form of treatment for Gonorrhoea is the usage of antibiotics. Administration of antibiotics such as cefixime and ceftriaxone is done with the help of injections. On the other hand, azithromycin can be consumed in the form of a tablet. The treatment is available at any sexual health clinic. The antibiotics used for treating gonorrhoea work by killing the bacteria that cause the condition and prevent them from multiplying or replicating.
In order to prevent any relapse, sex should be avoided until the partner who might be infected is tested and treated.
Sometimes, people who are diagnosed with gonorrhea also tend to suffer from chlamydia. Additionally, another serious complication of gonorrhea is Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This condition is capable of leading to chronic pelvic pain, infertility as well as ectopic pregnancy (implantation of fertilized egg out of the uterus). Immediate treatment of gonorrhea is mandatory for the prevention of PID.