By Dr. Vivek Kumar Pathak, Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT)
An earache is a problem we often have but don’t pay much attention to. Like that minor leak in the pipes which later turn into major ones, your earache might lead to a number of complications including hearing loss. You can take a look at the causes, symptoms, and treatments of various types of ear pain listed below.
1. Symptoms Of Ear Pain
i. Persistent irritation in the ear leading to pain at times
ii. A buzzing sound in the ear
iii. Impairment in normal hearing
2. Causes Of Ear Pain
i. Fluid can build up behind your eardrum. This is known as glue ear and though it usually affects children, adults can also suffer from it.
ii. The ear canal outside the eardrum can get infected and this is commonly known as otitis externa.
iii. There can be accumulated earwax which plugs the ear canal and results in pain.
iv. Throat infections, like tonsillitis and pharyngitis, can lead to ear pain.
3. Hearing Loss
Excessive use of electronic devices, some medications and drugs can also lead to ear pain and hearing loss. You need to consider these causes which may lead to hearing loss:
i. Hearing often decreases with age. Studies show that about 70% of people with hearing loss are above 70 years of age.
ii. Medications can impair hearing. Antibiotics like aminoglycosides, loop diuretics, aspirin and other medications for chemotherapy can lead to hearing loss.
iii. Exposure to loud noises,constant usage of headphones and mobile phones has also been said to be responsible for hearing loss.
i. Painkillers like paracetamol can be included in the treatment.
ii. Mineral oil can help in loosening earwax.
iii. Consult an ENT doctor when you experience ear pain or hearing loss