By Dr. Ashish Sangvikar, Cosmetic/Plastic Surgery
Rhytidectomy, commonly known as Face-Lift surgery, is a medical procedure which is used to reduce the skin sagging or folds on the face and to modify the other age-related changes. In this surgery, the folds of skin are pulled back and tissues under the skin are improved surgically to yield the youthful contour of the face and extra skin is removed.
Platysmaplasty or neck-lift is often done with Rhytidectomy to remove the deposits of the fat and skin sagging on the neck of the patient. Face-Lift surgery is not used to remove the fine wrinkles, skin color irregularities, and sun damage from the face. Rather, it is performed for the people of growing age as their skin becomes loose and saggy with time and age. There can be other reasons for Rhytidectomy such as extra skin on the cheeks and jawline, and deepening skin folds around the nose and mouth.
Everyone cannot go for the Face-Lift surgery because the outcome will not be satisfactory or it might affect their overall health and face appearance. The individual with medical conditions such as imbalanced blood pressure and blood sugar, intercepted blood clotting, medications for blood thinning, rapid weight gain or loss and smoking, should as far as possible avoid this procedure.
Like any other surgery, there are risks involved in Face-Lift surgery. There are a number of risks, some minor can be taken care of with some medications but there can be major risks too which are not very common and rarely occur. These risks might depend upon the patient’s medical history or condition and lifestyle. There are a number of possible risks like Sloughing or skin loss which can happen due to lack of blood supply to the facial tissues, injury to nerves that can be temporary or permanent and results in specific muscle paralysis, scarring from the surgery that are concealed with hairline and can be improved with medications, temporary or permanent hair loss, swelling on the face due to Hematoma or blood collection under the skin, infection, reaction to anesthesia and excess bleeding.
There are a number of processes performed by the surgeon and medical team before the surgery. The medical team of the patient will have to go through the complete medical history and conditions of the patient. The patient is responsible for communicating the expectations from the surgery.
The doctors will perform some lab tests and examinations on the patient to be acquainted with the medical state and the predictable result and the probable risks related to the surgery.
- The patient will have to go through some physical examinations.
- The face of the patient will be photographed from various angles with zoomed or close-up shots of the concerned features.
- The structure and shape of the bone will be examined through some tests.
- The medical team will examine the distribution of fat in the face and the skin quality to help them decide the best available choices for the surgery.
Rhytidectomy or Face-Lift surgery is used to remove the saggy skin from the face by removing extra folds and fat from the skin. This surgery is often used for the cosmetic purpose by the aging people to help them look younger by pulling back the saggy skin. There is a number of complications involved in the process depending upon the health conditions and history of the individual. The concerned individual should go through all the possible outcomes of the surgery before agreeing for it.