By Dr. Sandesh Gupta, Dermatology
Sometimes people in their teen age suffer from the eruption of spots on their faces. This is known as Acne, which is primarily a hormonal condition. Medicines can help manage the severity and frequency of acne outbreaks. A number of medicines are available. Your treatment will depend on the type of acne you have (pimples, whiteheads, blackheads, or cystic lesions). Though they are harmless, if untreated they persist for a long time before finally settling down. Therefore medication is important to treat and curb the further development of acne. These medicines treat acne by:
1. Killing bacteria
2. Controlling and reducing the quantity of skin oil
3. Diminishing the effect of hormone
4. Opening the skin pores.
There are certain medications which work extremely well in achieving these. Some of them are-
Retinoids have been extremely effective in treating acne. It is obtained from Vitamin A and includes adapalene and tretinoin. Available as creams and lotions, it must be applied thrice in a week to see visible results.
They are extremely proficient in killing the bacteria and lessen the redness of the skin. They are often used with benzoyl peroxide in order to resist acne.
This is a gel that works best with a retinoid. They reduce the redness of the skin markedly and also relieve your skin of any dryness.
This is an extremely powerful drug which is prescribed to people who suffer from extreme cases of acne.
5. Spironolactone (Aldactone):
This drug is generally prescribed to adolescent girls in order to control the effects of acne. This drug operates by reducing and curbing the effects of androgen hormones.
6. Benzoyl Peroxide:
This has proved to be an extremely effective drug for treating acne. Doctors generally prescribe medicines that have benzoyl peroxide in them. They treat acne by directly attacking them and curves further outbreaks.
Most of these active ingredients may be found in medications in the form of gels, pads, creams, lotions and soaps. Such medications will have different concentrations of these active ingredients; it is advisable to start with the lowest strengths. At first you may experience skin irritation, redness, or burning – eventually, after continued use, these side effects go away.
People with sensitive skin are commonly advised to look at creams or lotions.