By Dr. Pallavi Singh, Podiatry
Excessive and persistent pain in the feet, as well as the ankle joints, could point at the existence of a condition known as flat foot pain. This happens due to the difference between a normal foot and a flat foot. While a normal foot will have an upward arch under the foot, right in the middle, the flat foot does not have such support. This arch is usually formed by the tendons and ligaments that help in rendering support to the foot as well as stabilizing the rest of the body. When these tendons and ligaments become weak, the arch begins to diminish before finally disappearing, which leaves the patient with a flat foot.
This can be a painful condition. Let us look at the ways in which it may be cured.
- Foot Wear: When you are suffering from this condition, it is important to wear comfortable and supportive footwear like shoes, sandals and slippers which can support the arch and help in giving stability to the rest of the body. Besides looking for shoes that will provide the right amount of comfort, one can also use additional support like insoles that will help in giving comfort while you are walking, standing or running.
- Orthotics: These are tools that can be recommended by your doctor in order to help in minimizing the pressure that one feels in the foot. The orthotics usually distribute this pressure by giving much needed additional support to the arch of the foot. These tools also help in realigning the foot’s ankle with its bones as well as the joints, which can help in successfully treating this condition to a great extent. They are usually customized as per your exact foot shape and size, as well as the problem you are facing so that you have plenty of support when you are using your feet for varied activities.
- Arch inserts and wraps: If your normal shoes are lacking the arch support that you require for flat feet, then you can also invest in arch inserts and wraps which will reduce the pain and prevent it from reoccurring. Also, these will help you to remain standing or walking for longer periods of time, as they add that extra bit of support to your feet for normal functioning.
- Surgery: If the various nonsurgical treatments do not help you over a period of a few months, then it may be time to speak with your podiatrist or orthopedic specialist so that you can go in for a surgery that will fix this problem. This kind of surgery will help in stabilizing the feet and ankle bones by applying for corrective foot support.