By Punjab Optical House, Speech Therapy
Aphasia is a type of communication disorder in which the patient has his/her language part of the brain-damaged. This impairment of the brain disables the person to use and understand the whole word. However, Aphasia does not damage the intelligence of a person. People who have had a stroke are prone to this disease. This may also occur due to a brain tumour or head injury. People suffering from Aphasia experience difficulty in pronouncing and expressing the “right” word that correlated with their thoughts. People may also face difficulties in reading, understanding conversation, writing words, comprehending written words, and using numbers. Although Aphasia is caused due to brain impairment, it is different from sensory or motor impairment that may also cause brain injury. However, Aphasia is a disorder in which only the ability of the brain translates and understand the language is affected.
There are many treatments options available to deal with this problem depending upon the age of a person and cause and type of the Aphasia. The speech therapist significantly helps a person to deal with this problem and limit the symptoms. Before understanding how a speech therapist deal with Aphasia, let us know its causes, symptoms, and types of Aphasia.
Cause of Aphasia-
As discussed earlier, one of the main causes of Aphasia is a stroke. According to the National Aphasia Association, approximately 25% to 40% of a survivor of a stroke gets Aphasia. However, this can be caused due to any type of brain injury which damage the part of the brain that manages with language. Other causes include brain infection, brain tumour, dementia, for example, Alzheimer’s disease, etc.
Symptoms of Aphasia
Some of the most common symptoms of aphasia include:
● Difficulty in speaking.
● Trouble in finding a suitable word or term to complete the sentence.
● Using inappropriate or improper words in communication.
● Struggle in using numbers.
● Trouble in executing simple calculations.
● Perplexed in speaking in a loud or crowded environment.
Types of Aphasia
There are many types of Aphasia from mild to chronic. Some of the common types of Aphasia are:
● Expressive Aphasia (non-fluent): In this type of Aphasia, people know what to say, still finds difficulty in communicating with others.
● Receptive Aphasia (fluent): In this type of Aphasia, people can hear or read the words, but does not understand it. Their speech distorts due to lack of understanding of others message.
● Anomic Aphasia: In this type of Aphasia, people experience difficulty in finding an appropriate word to communicate fluently.
● Global Aphasia: It is one of the most types of Aphasia in which a person faces trouble in speaking, writing, or understanding words. This generally occurs after a stroke.
● Primary Progressive Aphasia: This type of Aphasia is most rare where a person loses their ability to read, talk, write, and understand others message in conversation slowly.
How Speech Therapist Treat Aphasia
According to the National Stroke Association, the following tips may help people suffering from Aphasia past stroke:
● Use props to help others to understand the message.
● Draw pictures or words or paper to communicate easily.
● Stay calm and speak slowly.
With the development in the field of Speech Therapy, Speech Language Pathologist understands the working of the brain and to control and deal with a problem like Aphasia. With the help of a Speech therapist, one can conquer their control and hesitation to communicate properly in front of others. They designed a set of exercises for a patient to limit the symptoms. Speech Therapist also notices the experience and create a book containing the words that a patient finds difficulty to speak. This will work as a prop for you and enables you to communicate fluently.
According to the National Aphasia Association, approximately 1 million Americans are suffering from any type of Aphasia, and nearly 180,000 more acquire it each year. However, the problem can be managed effectively with the help of Speech-Language Pathologist.