In Detail About Postmenopausal Problems And Their Treatments!

In Detail About Postmenopausal Problems And Their Treatments!

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By Dr. Megha Tuli, Gynaecology

Postmenopause is one of the three stages of menopause. Postmenopause referred to a time of women’s life after menopause. When women have not had periods for more than a year, it is termed as a Postmenopausal stage. Menopause is a normal process in a woman’s life. It occurs when changes in hormones affect ovulation which leads to termination of the menstrual cycle.

During this stage, the signs and symptoms occur before menopause may decrease. However, due to the low level of estrogen, women after menopause are at higher risk of several health conditions, which include:

● Osteoporosis
● Depression
● Mental Health Conditions
● Hot Flashes
● Vaginal Dryness
● Changes in Vaginal Health
● Low Sex Drive

Menopause is a natural stage, but there are risks and symptoms associated with it. This is why it is important to know about several complications and how to deal with them to stay healthy.

Problems That May Occur After Menopause -

Some of the common problems that may occur during Postmenopause are:

1. Osteoporosis -

Osteoporosis is a type of bone disease, in which the bones become brittle or weak. The change in bone density increases during Postmenopause or when the menstrual cycle stops. This is caused due to the low level of estrogen. Women lose up to 25% of bone density with the loss of estrogen during this stage. Postmenopausal women are prone to have Osteoporosis. This condition also increases the risk of bone fractures, particularly in the spine, hips, and wrists.

One can easily treat Osteoporosis by making some lifestyle changes:

● Consume foods that are rich in calcium like beans, lentils, yogurt, milk, etc.
● Add foods that contain vitamin D.
● Routine Exercise.
● Engage in both strength-building and aerobic activities.
● Limit alcohol intake.
● Try to quit smoking.

2. Cardiovascular Disease -

Menopause is not the cause of cardiovascular diseases; however, it may increase the risk of this condition. The hormonal changes after menopause may increase blood pressure as well as the risk of bad cholesterol and triglycerides. According to the American Heart Association, one in three women are suffering from cardiovascular disease. Heart attack incidences in women are seen frequently after 10 years of menopause. One can manage it by adopting healthy lifestyle habits and routines which include a balanced diet, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising, and quitting smoking.

3. Other Conditions -

Though women stop experiencing premenopausal symptoms after menopause, some women will continue experiencing these symptoms. Some women may experience hot flashes after one or two years of menopause. One can also feel depressed, anxious, or stressed during this stage. Vaginal dryness can also be experienced by Postmenopausal women. By using water-soluble lubricants, one can experience painless sexual intercourse. Make a habit of doing cardio exercises to decrease frequently anxiety and stress.

Take Away - 

Life after menopause can be challenging. However, by following a healthy diet and lifestyle habits, one can deal with and overcome the health risk after menopause.