By Dr. Sudeep Sarkar, Oncology
Retroperitoneal cancer is rare but still they are prevalent among many people. The term Retroperitoneal has been derived from the word retroperitoneum which is a space between the posterior abdominal wall and the peritoneum in which the kidneys, pancreas and other associated structures are present. It has been estimated that around 15% of the soft tissue sarcomas can occur in this area.
The diagnosis and treatment of Retroperitoneal cancer is challenging becaise of the RPS tumours which are rare and can cause advanced diseases if the situation turns out to be complex. The Retroperitoneal tumours cannot be identified untill they have reached a size of atleast 4-5 cms. The survival rates of all the people who suffer from this cancer depends on a lot of different factors that include – large tumour size, metabolism, other medical complications etc.
Risk Factors - There are certain risk factors which are associated to Retroperitoneal cancer. These can further cause different kinds of diseases as well. Here are the risk factors which comes with this cancer:
● Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome
● Familial adenomatous polyposis
● Li-Fraumeni syndrome
● Tuberous sclerosis
● Neurofibromatosis type 1
● Werner syndrome
So, here are the different risk factors which are common when a person has been affected by the cancer. Failure to provide immediate treatment and diagnosis to the patient can cause a lot of complexities later on.
Symptoms - The symptoms of retroperitoneum cancer has a lot of symptoms associated. So you can identify them if you keep yourself under a frequent checkup. Here are the most common and identifiable symptoms of this cancer:
● Abdominal mass which can lead to pain
● Loss of appetite or weight loss severely
● The person may feel full stomach even if the food intake is small
● Blood in stools may be common
● Lower extremity swelling
● Pain in the abdominal area
These are the symptoms of the Retroperitoneal cancer and you must immediately visit a doctor if you identify these.
Diagnosis and Treatment - Doctors popularly use Computed Tomography Scan or CT Scan for diagnosis of this disease. It clearly shows whether a tumour has developed in the retroperitoneum area or not. Once the sarcoma has been diagnosed, different tests are carried out to make sure to what extent the cancer cells have spread. This process is also known as staging. When it comes to the treatment of retroperitoneum cancer, the primary solution is surgery. Surgical oncologist should be visited and their recommendations should be taken into consideration. Different surgical procedures will help the person to get rid of the tumour before it the cancer cells affects the whole body system.
So here are the different information about Retroperitoneal cancer which affects almost thousands of individuals every year all across the globe.