By Dr. Savita Yadav, Dermatology
A chemical peel is an advanced dermatology technique which is generally used to enhance the quality and appearance of facial skin, as well as that of the hands and neck. The technique involves the application of a chemical solution, which effectively exfoliates the skin.
Chemical peels are characterised into 3 types-
1. Superficial or lunchtime peel- Makes use of Alpha-hydroxy acid
2. Medium peel- Makes use of Glycolic or trichloroacetic acid
3. Deep peel- Makes use of Trichloroacetic acid or phenol
Benefits of Chemical Peel Application-
1. Application of a chemical peels will effective help reduce wrinkles and fine lines (crow’s feet) around your eyes and mouth.
2. It also effectively does away with wrinkles that have resulted due to exposure to the sun and aging.
3. The peel exfoliates skin, thus it also lightens small scars on your face, neck and hands.
4. It also effectively treats certain kinds of acne.
5. It successfully helps with the reduction of age spots and dark patches which generally appear because of pregnancy or the consumption of contraceptive pills.
6. As a chemical peel effectively exfoliates the skin, it removes the dead skin and considerably improves your overall appearance.
Who Needs Chemical Peels?
The most suitable candidates for chemical peels are individuals who are fair skinned and comparatively light haired too. Individuals who have a very sensitive skin and are susceptible to or are suffering from a skin disease or infection are not suitable for this procedure. Pregnant or nursing women and individuals with sun burns or cuts in the skin are not suitable to undergo a chemical peel procedure.
Depending on the type of chemical peel you have opted for, there is a bit of pigmentation and redness which lasts for about 3-7 days. This pigmentation generally goes away completely, leaving you skin comparatively smooth than before, wrinkle and scar free.